Here are a few more:
CALL: Computer assisted language learning
Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) is an approach to language teaching and learning in which computer technology is used as an aid to the presentation, reinforcement and assessment of material to be learned, usually including a substantial interactive element.
EAL: English as an additional language
English as an additional language is used to refer to the learning of English by speakers of other languages. The term is commonly abbreviated to EAL. In British usage, this is also simply called English language teaching or ELT. EAL covers both ESL -- English as a second language, and EFL -- English as a foreign language.
SLA: Second language acquisition
TELL: Technology-enhanced language learning
ELT: English Language teaching
TOEFL: Test of English as Foreign Language
The Test Of English as a Foreign Language (or TOEFL, pronounced "toe-full", or sometimes just "toffle") evaluates the potential success of an individual to use and understand Standard American English at a college level. It is required for non-native applicants at many American and English speaking colleges and universities. The TOEFL is the product of the Educational Testing Service (ETS), which is contracted by the private, non-profit firm, the College Board to administer the test in institutions in the US; they also produce the SAT.
TOEIC: Test of English for International Communication
Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) is a measure of the ability of non-native English-speaking people to use English in everyday work activities. There are an estimated 3 million test takers per year.
TPR: Total Physical Response
Total Physical Response (TPR) is a method developed by James Asher, a professor of psychology at San Jose State University, California, USA, to aid learning foreign languages. The method relies on the assumption that when learning a second or additional language, that language is internalized through a process of codebreaking similar to first language development and that the process allows for a long period of listening and developing comprehension prior to production. Students respond to commands that require physical movement. TPR is an ESL/EAL behaviorist minded teacher's main tool.
The method was popularized by Blaine Ray, a Spanish teacher who saw how well interactive movements and stories helped his students learn. Since then, he has created the foundation of a method called Total Physical Response Storytelling (TPRS), which adds fun stories to Asher's methods.
TPRS: Total Physical Response Storytelling
Total Physical Response Storytelling (TPRS) is a method for teaching Spanish and French in schools. Mr. Blaine Ray created this method by combining a system called TPR with funny stories to help students apply the words learned. These stories are complemented with little books, identical in Spanish and French besides the language. Some include The Voyage of His Life and Almost Dead. Blaine Ray is a Spanish teacher whose main teaching idea is that whatever's best for the majority of the students is the best way to teach.
Last edited by Eric : Jan 26th, 2005 at 12:48 am.