eslHQ Home
User Name Password
Lost Password? | Join eslHQ.com, it's FREE!
View today's posts
Search Extras Help   

Reply
LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
  #1 (permalink)  
Unread Jan 28th, 2021, 11:17 am
eslHQ Enthusiast
 
Join Date: May 25th, 2015
Posts: 42
Alex80 is on a distinguished road
Default Future tenses

Hello everyone!
I came across these sentences:
1." She's going to tell Jack he passed the test."
2."I won't get a good grade on this test.
It was too difficult."
My question is: Is it correct to say:
1."She will tell Jack he passed the exam."?
2." I' m not going to get a good grade on this test. It was too difficult."?
And what's the difference?
Reply With Quote
  #2 (permalink)  
Unread Jan 29th, 2021, 05:03 am
Sue
 
Join Date: Oct 8th, 2006
Location: Milan
Posts: 1,400
susan53 is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Future tenses

First of all, these aren't tenses - tense involves morphological marking of the verb - eg addition of 3rd person -s of past -ed - and English only has two - past and present. So both of these verb forms actually have [i]present[i] tense - and, in fact all future events in English are expressed from the point of view of present time. We could paraphrase your examples as:

She intends to tell Jack that he...

I predict a bad grade for my test.


In other words the speaker is expressing a present intention or making a prediction at that moment - the present. It's only the event itself which is future, and that's expressed by the infinitive in both forms

Both verb forms will + infinitive and Be going to + infinitive can express either intention (including willingness, insistence and other forms of volition) or prediction. So yes - either form would be possible. It depends on the context. The only thing I'd change in your examples is that She will would almost always be pronounced She'll unless there was strong emphasis on the modal verb - eg contrastive stress - and would very often be combined with expression indicating the speaker's degree of certainty : I'm sure she'll tell Jack that.... / I think she'll probably tell Jack that...

Obviously it's a bit more complex than that sometimes - you happen to have picked examples which are interchangeable. But it would take too much space and time to explain here and (by pure chance!) I've written two articles about it on the ELT Notebook - so I hope Eric and Little Sage won't mind if I link to them:

Understanding Will
Will and Be Going to : What's the Difference?

Have a look at them and if anything is still not clear, get back to me here.
Reply With Quote
Reply


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
 
Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On

Similar Threads Replies
Talking about the future: a lesson plan 11
Future perfect and future continuous activities 4
Future vs Future progressive 2
Future continuos and future perfect simple 0
Tenses 0

Find the Best TEFL, TESL, TESOL & CELTA Certification Courses - User Submitted Ratings & Reviews for Online, Distance & Abroad TEFL Courses. Over 3,500 reviews of 100+ TEFL schools!

Teach English in Thailand - Onsite and Combined TEFL certification courses in Phuket, Thailand.


Free ESL Flashcards


Similar Threads Replies
Talking about the future: a lesson plan 11
Future perfect and future continuous activities 4
Future vs Future progressive 2
Future continuos and future perfect simple 0
Tenses 0


All times are GMT -5. The time now is 06:38 pm.

All materials from this website are for classroom-use only. Digital redistribution of materials, in part or in whole, is strictly forbidden!

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.6.8
Copyright ©2000 - 2021, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Content Relevant URLs by vBSEO 3.6.0 PL2