eslHQ Home
User Name Password
Lost Password? | Join eslHQ.com, it's FREE!
View today's posts
Search Extras Help   

Reply
LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
  #1 (permalink)  
Unread Aug 3rd, 2009, 09:35 am
eslHQ Enthusiast
 
Join Date: Mar 12th, 2009
Location: Iran
Posts: 33
majid72 is on a distinguished road
Default not ...by /not...until

Hello
Could someone please explain to me the difference between by and until in negative statements like these ones?

A- I didn't get up by nine o'clock.
B- I didn't get up until nine o'clock.

C- He won't be back by Friday.
D- He won't be back until Friday.

E- They won't publish my book by March.
F- They won't publish my book until March.

G- I won't work by the age of 30.
H- I won't work until the age of 30.

Thanks a lot.
Reply With Quote
  #2 (permalink)  
Unread Aug 5th, 2009, 11:33 am
eslHQ Zealot
 
Join Date: Jul 27th, 2009
Posts: 80
alawton is on a distinguished road
Default Re: not ...by /not...until

When you use "by" in sentences like "He won't be back by Friday." or "They won't publish my book by March" you are saying the desired event could occur any time after the specified time. In these same examples, if you replace "by" with "until" you are saying that he will be back no earlier than Friday, or the book will be published no earlier than March. In using "until" you are being specific on exactly when the even will occur. Tell me if this makes sense or not.
__________________
Andrew Lawton
http://drewseslfluencylessons.com
Reply With Quote
  #3 (permalink)  
Unread Aug 5th, 2009, 11:49 pm
eslHQ Enthusiast
 
Join Date: Mar 12th, 2009
Location: Iran
Posts: 33
majid72 is on a distinguished road
Default Re: not ...by /not...until

Thank you very much alawton for your great and clear answer.
Reply With Quote
Reply


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
 
Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On

Similar Threads Replies
critical /crucial 3

Find the Best TEFL, TESL, TESOL & CELTA Certification Courses - User Submitted Ratings & Reviews for Online, Distance & Abroad TEFL Courses. Over 3,500 reviews of 100+ TEFL schools!

Teach English in Thailand - Onsite and Combined TEFL certification courses in Phuket, Thailand.


Free ESL Flashcards


Similar Threads Replies
critical /crucial 3


All times are GMT -5. The time now is 12:43 pm.

All materials from this website are for classroom-use only. Digital redistribution of materials, in part or in whole, is strictly forbidden!

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.6.8
Copyright ©2000 - 2019, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Content Relevant URLs by vBSEO 3.6.0 PL2