eslHQ Home
User Name Password
Lost Password? | Join eslHQ.com, it's FREE!
View today's posts
Search Extras Help   

Reply
LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
  #1 (permalink)  
Unread Feb 11th, 2009, 02:02 pm
eslHQ Zealot
 
Join Date: Feb 9th, 2009
Location: Argentina
Posts: 74
Ana laura is on a distinguished road
Default Subjunctive

Hi

I don't understand the difference between these sentences

A) He looks as if he hasn't slept all night.

B) He looks as if he hadn't slept all night.

C) He looks as if he didn't sleep all night.

Do I only use the subjunctive when I am talking about unreal situations?

Thanks in advance
Reply With Quote
  #2 (permalink)  
Unread Feb 11th, 2009, 08:05 pm
eslHQ superstar!
 
Join Date: Mar 27th, 2005
Location: Japan
Posts: 1,693
mesmark is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Subjunctive

Big question and I'm going to leave the 'when to use the subjunctive' question to Sue I'll just comment on the examples.

A) He looks as if he hasn't slept all night.

This one is the one that sounds correct to me, probably not what I'd say, but it's OK. I wouldn't add the 'all night' part. It's a bit redundant. If anything I'd probably add 'at all' - He looks as if he hasn't slept (at all.)


B) He looks as if he hadn't slept all night.

This one is a bit tricky with 'sleep', because it sounds like he has slept since then. When you use the past, hadn't slept, the action has been completed, but there was something at the time or that action affected something at that time. In this case, that means he has slept since then (not sleeping has ended.) So, here it would be hard to 'look as if' you hadn't slept all night. Instead, 'He looked as if he hadn't slept all night.' - at the time I saw him.

There might be examples where it would work, but I can't think of any. Everything I come up with sounds forced and awkward.


C) He looks as if he didn't sleep all night.
This is awkward to me. I'd say, 'He looks like he didn't sleep last night.'


I hope that helps. Again, Sue is much better at making these points clearer.
Reply With Quote
  #3 (permalink)  
Unread Feb 12th, 2009, 07:49 pm
eslHQ Zealot
 
Join Date: Feb 9th, 2009
Location: Argentina
Posts: 74
Ana laura is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Subjunctive

Thank you very much, Mesmark
Reply With Quote
  #4 (permalink)  
Unread Feb 16th, 2009, 09:06 am
eslHQ superstar!
 
Join Date: Mar 27th, 2005
Location: Japan
Posts: 1,693
mesmark is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Subjunctive

Quote:
Quote Ana laura View Post
Thank you very much, Mesmark
My pleasure. I hope some of that was helpful.

(I see Sue dodged the subjunctive question for now :P )
Reply With Quote
Reply


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
 
Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On

Find the Best TEFL, TESL, TESOL & CELTA Certification Courses - User Submitted Ratings & Reviews for Online, Distance & Abroad TEFL Courses. Over 3,500 reviews of 100+ TEFL schools!

Teach English in Thailand - Onsite and Combined TEFL certification courses in Phuket, Thailand.


Free ESL Flashcards




All times are GMT -5. The time now is 12:43 pm.

All materials from this website are for classroom-use only. Digital redistribution of materials, in part or in whole, is strictly forbidden!

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.6.8
Copyright ©2000 - 2022, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Content Relevant URLs by vBSEO 3.6.0 PL2