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Unread May 8th, 2010, 06:24 am
susan53 susan53 is offline
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Default Re: How to use "not,no"?

Quote thadajirajaras View Post
Are these correct?
1) That car didn't hit(v.1) me. Correct
2) Not that car hit(v.2) me. Incorrect

3) There is no study but HWs. == There is no study but there are HWs.

4)I love not blue car. Incorrect
5)I don't love blue car. The verb form is correct but the sentence should be I don't like the blue car or I don't like blue cars.
6)Not a blue car is interesting. Incorrect
7)Not a blue car is interesting. Incorrect
8)A blue car is not interesting. Correct, but more usually : Blue cars aren't interesting.


A. Not can follow any auxiliary verb or the verb BE when this is the main and only verb, to negate the verb phrase. Some examples :

I can't see you tomorrow
: can (aux) +not
I won't be there on Tuesday : will (aux) + not
David isn't working today : be (aux) + not
I'm not sure : Be (main verb) + not
He hasn't got many friends : have(aux) + not
We mustn't be late : must (aux) + not
I don't like chocolate : do (aux) + not

This explains why the verbs in your sentences 1, and 6 are correct. For example :
That car didn't hit me : did (aux) + not

B. Not can also negate a quantifier like many, a lot of, enough etc when it's part of the subject : Not many people know about it.

C. Not can be used in a "short answer" :
A : Can I see you on Tuesday.
B : Not Tuesday, no. I'm busy.
But here the full meaning is You can't see me on Tuesday. So again, really, not negates the verb phrase, as in (1) above.

Perhaps your sentence 2 could be changed to :
A: Which car hit you? That one?
B : No, Not that car, but the one under the tree.
(= That car didn't hit me. The one under the tree hit me)

D. No negates a noun or noun phrase :
He had no idea what to do.
There's no way we can finish this before Wednesday
It's often used in this sort of fixed phrase (no idea, no way, no hope) but with other nouns often sounds rather formal. Not any is usually used instead :
There are no buses running = There aren't any buses running. (Nb : BE+not as above, any+noun)

E. The correct version of your sentence 3 is There is nothing to study, but there is some homework (to do).
Notice that homework is an uncountable noun and always singular.

6. Your sentence 5 :

First of all, the verb love is only used in the negative if you are talking literally, not metaphorically to mean "likes very much". . In the affirmative you can say : Chris loves Alex or Chris loves playing chess. But in the negative Chris doesn't love Alex is fine, but you need to say Chris doesn't like playing chess.

Then, there are two different possibilities - are you talking about a specific blue car - I like the blue car - or blue cars in general - I like blue cars.
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Last edited by susan53 : May 8th, 2010 at 01:40 pm.
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