1) That car didn't hit(v.1) me.
Are these correct?
Correct 2) Not that car hit(v.2) me.
3) There is no study but HWs. == There is no study but there are HWs.
Incorrect 4)I love not blue car.
Incorrect 5)I don't love blue car.
The verb form is correct but the sentence should be I don't like the blue car
or I don't like blue cars. 6)Not a blue car is interesting.
Incorrect 7)Not a blue car is interesting.
Incorrect 8)A blue car is not interesting.
Correct, but more usually : Blue cars aren't interesting. Explanations
can follow any auxiliary verb or the verb BE when this is the main and only verb, to negate the verb phrase. Some examples :
I can't see you tomorrow
: can (aux) +not I won't be there on Tuesday
: will (aux) + not David isn't working today
: be (aux) + not I'm not sure
: Be (main verb) + not He hasn't got many friends
: have(aux) + not We mustn't be late
: must (aux) + not I don't like chocolate
: do (aux) + not
This explains why the verbs in your sentences 1, and 6 are correct. For example : That car didn't hit me
: did (aux) + not
can also negate a quantifier like many, a lot of, enough
etc when it's part of the subject : Not many people know about it.
can be used in a "short answer" :
A : Can I see you on Tuesday.
B : Not Tuesday, no. I'm busy.
But here the full meaning is You can't see me on Tuesday
. So again, really, not
negates the verb phrase, as in (1) above.
Perhaps your sentence 2 could be changed to :
A: Which car hit you? That one?
B : No, Not that car, but the one under the tree.
(= That car didn't
hit me. The one under the tree hit me)
negates a noun or noun phrase : He had no idea what to do.
There's no way we can finish this before Wednesday
It's often used in this sort of fixed phrase (no idea, no way, no hope
) but with other nouns often sounds rather formal. Not any
is usually used instead : There are no buses running
= There aren't any buses running.
(Nb : BE+not as above, any+noun)
E. The correct version of your sentence 3 is There is nothing to study, but there is some homework (to do).
Notice that homework
is an uncountable noun and always singular.
6. Your sentence 5 :
First of all, the verb love
is only used in the negative if you are talking literally, not metaphorically to mean "likes very much". . In the affirmative you can say : Chris loves Alex
or Chris loves playing chess
. But in the negative Chris doesn't love Alex
is fine, but you need to say Chris doesn't like playing chess
Then, there are two different possibilities - are you talking about a specific blue car - I like the blue car
- or blue cars in general - I like blue cars.