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  #1 (permalink)  
Unread Jul 5th, 2009, 12:02 pm
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Join Date: Oct 18th, 2007
Location: Hartlepool, UK
Posts: 9
yiannaCH is on a distinguished road
Cool Difference between: has made and had made???

Can someone please tell me the difference between:

He has made films and he had made films.....

I've been looking but cannot find the answer......

Any help greatly appreciated...

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  #2 (permalink)  
Unread Jul 6th, 2009, 01:56 am
Join Date: Oct 8th, 2006
Location: Milan
Posts: 1,406
susan53 is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Difference between: has made and had made???

Present and past. Think of the name of the verbs - present perfect and past perfect. And think of "perfect" as meaning "already completed/happened". ie before a certain moment in time, or refererence point. The reference point for the present perfect is now - the present moment. The reference point for the past perfect is some time in the past and will be determined in the co-text or context.

He has made twelve films : ie up to now.
He had made twelve films by 1998/by the time he was 30 : the reference point 1998/when he was 30) is stated in the co-text.

Hope that answers your question?
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