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  #1 (permalink)  
Unread May 12th, 2010, 11:35 pm
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Join Date: Apr 24th, 2010
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thadajirajaras is on a distinguished road
Default "There is" == "That place is" or "has"

"There is" == "That place is" or "has"?

For example
Are we there?
There is the hot water.
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  #2 (permalink)  
Unread May 13th, 2010, 01:12 am
Join Date: Oct 8th, 2006
Location: Milan
Posts: 1,406
susan53 is on a distinguished road
Default Re: "There is" == "That place is" or "has"

Again, you're making the mistake of thinking that because a word is written/pronounced identically, it's the "same" word. As we saw with "that", a word can have many meanings and with each different meaning, the grammar may also change. So :

Are we there?

There = adverb, meaning "in a particular place already referred to" :
A : When is Anne going to New York?
B : She's already there. (there = in New York)

There isn't any hot water.

There is a pronoun which acts as another "empty" subject (do you remember the discussion about it in It's raining ?, used with the verb BE to indicate that something exists (or, as here, doesn't exist). Other examples :
There's a man in the garden!
There are some messages for you.
There isn't much to do today.
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